March 19, 2021 | 5275 Views | By Patrick Smith
A recent post in our Facebook community asked about raw files and also about processing them. Here are ten facts people should know when considering shooting in raw files and then processing them.
- When you shoot in raw (which we usually recommend), you capture a ton of image data. This equates to your camera’s sensor capturing all of those unseen details in the highlights and shadows, allowing software to bring back those details in post-processing. When you shoot in jpeg, you are trusting in your camera’s processing to use that raw data to recreate the scene before your eyes.
- One way or another (either on your camera or computer), the raw data we capture on our camera needs to be interpreted into a normal photo by software, like ON1 Photo RAW. Interestingly, raw photos only measure one color; red, green or blue, per pixel and then software was to interpret that to create a normal photo through a process called Debayering. In other words,when you open a raw file using software, you are not viewing an image; you view how all that math interprets the data into an image. Pretty cool, huh?
- Since raw photos have a higher dynamic range, meaning they can contain more detail across a larger brightness range, you will have a lot more color range and shadow details to work with when processing raw images over jpeg files. Your photos will simply look better, have more vibrant colors and crisper details over an in-camera jpeg.
- Unlike jpeg files, none of the data or information goes through compression with raw files. This allows you to process higher quality photos and correct problems in images that would be throw-away shots had they been in jpeg. Raw files give you more to work with in post-processing.
- Jpegs were designed as a transmission format, for sending and sharing photos when drive space and bandwidth were at a premium over 30 years ago. Jpeg files discard data through compression, which will leave you with one convenient, smaller file size.. Raw files are designed as a preservation and storage format, preserving all of that critical image data to give you the best possible results. Storage is pretty darn cheap nowadays, so don’t fret with large file sizes. It’s just not worth your energy. Plus, if you need a jpeg file later, export it to that format from your raw file.
- If you’re shooting in jpeg, you are letting your camera process the image for you and lose control of the ability to create the image you saw. You narrow your ability to get the image to your liking without creating artifacts in areas like the shadows and smooth gradients.
- If you decide to shoot in jpeg mode, your camera will apply contrast, color, sharpening adjustments on the photo by default. These adjustments are baked into the file, leaving you without any control over reversing those edits when post-processing. If you are shooting and intend to edit images, do yourself a favor and shoot in raw.
- Your prints will look better when using raw files. You have better color and tone, and you will be able to see all the fine details and less banding in your prints.
- Fun fact: Did you know raw files have amazing amounts of detail in the dark shadows. Even for a photo that appears very dark, you can lighten it to reveal a whole new world of detail. But it’s the opposite for highlights. If your highlights are overexposed it’s almost impossible to recover them. That’s why photographers say expose for the highlights and develop for the shadows.
- Finally, most phones today allow you to shoot in raw also. So take advantage of everything you learned today. 😉
About ON1 Photo RAW
ON1 Photo RAW is a complete all-in-one photo editor, built around a modern photo organizer and a sophisticated raw processor. It’s like having Lightroom and Photoshop in one single application. Photo RAW lets you apply quick, non-destructive edits and stylized effects to your photos and perform expert portrait retouching using AI-based machine learning algorithms. Nearly all of your edits can be made globally or locally, and Photo RAW’s advanced masking tools let you make and refine complex selections with a few clicks, which makes applying filters, replacing skies, or other operations a breeze. For more detailed projects, Photo RAW includes a sophisticated layers functionality for compositing images quickly and easily—while still preserving complete re-editability. You can also combine photos into beautiful panoramas, stunning HDR images, and perfectly focus-stacked photos with the click of a button.
ON1 Photo RAW incorporates our state-of-the-art raw processor, which lets you work in a fully nondestructive workflow: you can quickly import, sort and view raw photos in Browse, and finish them in the Edit module without having to worry about saving your edits. The next time you open your photo, all of your settings will be remembered, and you can easily change settings, add new ones, or start over from scratch, all without having to save additional versions of your photo. Photo RAW is even nondestructive when working with such non-raw formats as JPEG, Photoshop (PSD), PNG and TIFF. When you’re done editing, you can perform industry-standard image enlargement on your photos—with full printing capabilities—and can easily share your images with friends and on social media. And, when Photo RAW is used in conjunction with the ON1 Cloud Sync service via subscription, you can capture, view and edit your photos across multiple computers and mobile devices without having to worry about their location.